Sunday, February 28, 2010

Home News Business Opinion Arts & Ideas Columns Vedomosti Russia’s Influence on Picasso Feted at Pushkin

of the Year of France in Russia, the bulk of works in the show are from 
the National Picasso Museum in Paris.
Denis Sinyakov / Reuters
Part of the Year of France in Russia, the bulk of works in the show are from the National Picasso Museum in Paris.
Russia’s influence on Pablo Picasso is celebrated at a new Moscow exhibit on the Spanish painter, sculptor and co-founder of the Cubism movement. Picasso paintings of bulging-eyed women and sculptures bearing his trademark triangular noses feature in a 240-piece collection of works by one of most prolific and dominant artists of the 20th century.
The largest Picasso exhibit on Russian soil in more than 50 years opened on Friday, and it was the Russian influence on Picasso — by way of his Russian wife and access to her world — that excited those in the marble halls of Moscow’s Pushkin Museum near the Kremlin, which is housing the exhibit.
“At that time, Russia was the capital of revolution, and this energy impacted Picasso greatly. It affected how he created,” Mikhail Shvydkoi, the Kremlin’s cultural envoy said.
The exhibit is one of a series of events for the Year of France in Russia.
Anne Baldassari, director of France’s National Picasso Museum in Paris, which is lending the bulk of the works, said art movements and masters in Russia such as avant-garde painters Kazimir Malevich and Vasily Kandinsky played an “undeniably large” role in Picasso’s life and inspiration.
A year after the Russian revolution of 1917, Picasso, who was born in 1881 in Malaga, Spain, married ballerina Olga Khokhlova, whose pensive glances and oval eyes came to characterize many of his painted women.
Though they separated bitterly after eight years when the painter started an affair with his 17-year-old muse, Khokhlova is believed to be the inspiration for Picasso’s mother and child themes.
Walking past the painting “Olga in an Armchair,” depicting Khokhlova with her head downturned in a drapey black and floral dress, Shvydkoi added: “He was surrounded by Russian culture, and this made him a man of the world.”
Picasso lived much of his adult life in France, but as French Minister of Culture Frederic Mitterrand put it while attending the exhibit’s opening: “Russia taught him, encouraged him, moved him.”
Works from Picasso’s five major creative periods — his blue, rose, African, Cubism and surrealism periods — are on display for three months in Moscow as the Picasso museum in Paris undergoes reconstruction.
Instantly recognizable and much-loved paintings such as 1967’s “The Kiss,” depicting a black and white lip-locked couple with vertical eyes, the Cubist “Seated Woman” from 1937, and “Jacqueline with Crossed Hands,” his 1954 painting of his second and last wife, crown the exhibit.
Russian first lady and self-proclaimed art devotee Svetlana Medvedeva, adorned with pearls and her neck rimmed in black mink, swanned through the elaborate collection but, true to form, did not utter a word.
She paused to look at the 30 paintings and 20 photographs connected directly to Russia, from when Picasso designed for Russian ballet director Sergei Diaghilev.
Minister Mitterrand added that Picasso’s relationship with Russia echoed a pre-Soviet age when the Russian elite spoke French with one another and the two countries exchanged ideas and literature.
The State Pushkin Museum contributed several of its own Picasso paintings, such as the 1903 “Old Jew with a Boy” from his more morose, reflective “blue” period.
“Picasso. Moscow. From the National Picasso Museum, Paris” runs till May 23 at the Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts. 12 Ulitsa Volkhonka. Metro Kropotkinskaya. Tel. 697-7998.

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