Thursday, January 14, 2010

The History of Communication

papyrus and parchment papers - History of Communication typewriter - History of CommunicationBolex 16mm camera - Communication Historycell phone - Communication History
3500 BC
to 2900 BC
The Phoenicians develop an alphabet.
The Sumerians develop cuneiform writing - pictographs of accounts written on clay tablets.
The Egyptians develop hieroglyphic writing.
1775 BC Greeks use a phonetic alphabet written from left to right.
1400 BC Oldest record of writing in China on bones.
1270 BC The first encyclopedia is written in Syria.
900 BC The very first postal service - for government use in China.
776 BC First recorded use of homing pigeons used to send message - the winner of the Olympic Games to the Athenians.
530 BC The Greeks start the very first library.
500 BC
to 170 BC
Papyrus rolls and early parchments made of dried reeds - first portable and light writing surfaces.
200 BC
to 100 BC
Human messengers on foot or horseback common in Egypt and China with messenger relay stations built.
Sometimes fire messages used from relay station to station instead of humans.

14 Romans establish postal services.
37 Heliographs - first recorded use of mirrors to send messages by Roman Emperor Tiberius.
100 First bound books
105 BC Tsai Lun of China invents paper as we know it.
305 First wooden printing presses invented in China - symbols carved on a wooden block.
1049 First movable type invented - clay - invented in China by Pi Sheng.
1450 Newspapers appear in Europe.
1455 Johannes Gutenberg invents a printing press with metal movable type.
1560 Camera Obscura invented - primitive image making.
1650 First daily newspaper - Leipzig.
1714 Englishmen, Henry Mill receives the first patent for a typewriter.
1793 Claude Chappe invents the first long-distance semaphore (visual or optical) telegraph line.
1814 Joseph Nicéphore Niépce achieves the first photographic image.
1821 Charles Wheatstone reproduces sound in a primitive sound box - the first microphone.
1831 Joseph Henry invents the first electric telegraph.
1835 Samuel Morse invents Morse code.
1843 Samuel Morse invents the first long distance electric telegraph line.
Alexander Bain patents the first fax machine.
1861 United States starts the Pony Express for mail delivery.
Coleman Sellers invents the Kinematoscope - a machine that flashed a series of still photographs onto a screen.
1867 American, Sholes the first successful and modern typewriter.
1876 Thomas Edison patents the mimeograph - an office copying machine.
Alexander Graham Bell patents the electric telephone.
Melvyl Dewey writes the Dewey Decimal System for ordering library books.
1877 Thomas Edison patents the phonograph - with a wax cylinder as recording medium.
Eadweard Muybridge invents high speed photography - creating first moving pictures that captured motion.
1887 Emile Berliner invents the gramophone - a system of recording which could be used over and over again.
1888 George Eastman patents Kodak roll film camera.
1889 Almon Strowger patents the direct dial telephone or automatic telephone exchange.
1894 Guglielmo Marconi improves wireless telegraphy.
1898 First telephone answering machines.
1899 Valdemar Poulsen invents the first magnetic recordings - using magnetized steel tape as recording medium - the foundation for both mass data storage on disk and tape and the music recording industry.
Loudspeakers invented.
1902 Guglielmo Marconi transmits radio signals from Cornwall to Newfoundland - the first radio signal across the Atlantic Ocean.
1904 First regular comic books.
1906 Lee Deforest invents the electronic amplifying tube or triode - this allowed all electronic signals to be amplified improving all electronic communications i.e. telephones and radios.
1910 Thomas Edison demonstrated the first talking motion picture.
1914 First cross continental telephone call made.
1916 First radios with tuners - different stations.
1923 The television or iconoscope (cathode-ray tube) invented by Vladimir Kosma Zworykin - first television camera.
1925 John Logie Baird transmits the first experimental television signal.
1926 Warner Brothers Studios invented a way to record sound separately from the film on large disks and synchronized the sound and motion picture tracks upon playback - an improvement on Thomas Edison's work.
1927 NBC starts two radio networks.
CBS founded.
First television broadcasts in England.
Warner Brothers releases "The Jazz Singer" the first successful talking motion picture.
1930 Radio popularity spreads with the "Golden Age" of radio.
First television broadcasts in the United States.
Movietone system of recording film sound on an audio track right on the film invented.
1934 Joseph Begun invents the first tape recorder for broadcasting - first magnetic recording.
1938 Television broadcasts able to be taped and edited - rather than only live.
1939 Scheduled television broadcasts begin.
1944 Computers like Harvard's Mark I put into public service - government owned - the age of Information Science begins.
1948 Long playing record invented - vinyl and played at 33 rpm.
Transistor invented - enabling the miniaturization of electronic devices.
1949 Network television starts in U.S.
45 rpm record invented.
1951 Computers are first sold commercially.
1958 Chester Carlson invents the photocopier or Xerox machine.
Integrated Circuit invented - enabling the further miniaturization of electronic devices and computers.
1963 Zip codes invented in the United States.
1966 Xerox invents the Telecopier - the first successful fax machine.
1969 ARPANET - the first Internet started.
1971 The computer floppy disc invented.
The microprocessor invented - considered a computer on a chip.
1972 HBO invents pay-TV service for cable.
1976 Apple I home computer invented.
First nationwide programming - via satellite and implemented by Ted Turner.
1979 First cellular phone communication network started in Japan..
1980 Sony Walkman invented.
1981 IBM PC first sold.
First laptop computers sold to public.
Computer mouse becomes regular part of computer.
1983 Time magazines names the computer as "Man of the Year."
First cellular phone network started in the United States.
1984 Apple Macintosh released.
IBM PC AT released.
1985 Cellular telephones in cars become wide-spread.
CD-ROMs in computers.
1994 American government releases control of internet and WWW is born - making communication at lightspeed.

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